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Baxters of Wrentham

Wrentham

Wrentham lies 5 miles from Southwold. The parish church is dedicated to St Michael. There was strong non-conformist community in Wrentham and a congregational chapel stood between 1650 and 1837.

Early Baxters

Various Baxter families lived in Wrentham during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Where ever possible I have attempted to maintain family groupings. At the end I have provided a list of baptism, marriages and burials for both Wrentham and Reydon which have no family connection to each other.

Henry Baxter (d. 1626)

Marriage

From what I can tell Henry married twice. His first wife was Mary and she died in 1620. He second wife was Margaret Tiler (Tyler). From the parish registers of Sotterley:

"Henry Backster and Margaret Tyler married the twentyeth day of February 1622."

Children

Henry and Mary had the following:

Baptized Name Where
27 Dec 1612 William Parish church of Wrentham
15 Mar 1618 Samuel Parish church of Wrentham

Henry and Margaret had the following:

Baptized Name Where
20 Feb 1623 Mary Parish church of Wrentham

Death

Wrentham St Nicholas

Buried Name Comment
30 Jan 1620 Mary Baxter Wife of Henry
22 Aug 1626 Henry Baxter  

John Baxter (d.1635)

Marriage

John married Blithe Wilson (1609 - ?) the daughter of Christopher and Mary Wilson in 1634, Weston. John died within a year of marriage and before his son was born. Blith went on to marry Thomas Hayward on the 16th March 1639, Frostenden.

Children

John and Blithe had the following:

Baptized Name Comment Where
07 Feb 1635/6 John Son of Blithe Parish Church of Wrentham

Death

Wrentham St Nicholas

Buried Name Comment
20 Jun 1635 John Baxter  

John Baxter (1636 - 1708)

It is believed that this was the John that settled in nearby Benacre. Most of the information on John comes from his will. The parish registers for Benacre does not start until 1727. Bishop Transcript information for this time was intermittent.

Marriage

John married Ann (d.1709)

Children

John and Ann had the following:

Born Name Comment Where
c. 1660 John   Benacre

Death

Benacre St Michael

Buried Name Comment
25 Nov 1708 John Baxter Senior
03 May 1709 The widow Baxter  

John Baxter (c. 1660 - ?)

Marriage

John married twice his first wife was Ann (d.1791) . His second wife was Mary.

Children

John and Ann had the following:

Baptized Name Comment Where
12 Sep 1691 John son of John Baxter and Ann his wife. Parish Church of Benacre

John and Mary had the following:

Baptized Name Comment Where
29 Oct 1698 Nicholas Son of John Baxter and Mary his wife. Parish Church of Benacre
13 Jan 1705/6 Mary Daugter of John Baxter junior and Mary his wife Parish Church of Benacre
  Hannah*    
27 Dec 1713 Benjamin Son of John Baxter junior and Mary his wife Parish Church of Benacre

* Hannah was buried 03 Nov 1713 the daughter of John Baxter junior and Mary his wife.

I would suspect that there were other children, but this is difficult to prove.

Death

Benacre St Michael

Buried Name Comment
12 Sep 1691 Ann Baxter Wife of John Baxter

Samuel Baxter (d. 1712)

Marriage

From what I can tell Samuel was married twice. His first wife was Elizabeth (d.1680) and his second wife was Deborah. Deborah went on to marry Jonathan Brown of Baddingham on the 19th June 1718, Wrentham.

Children

Samuel and Deborah had the following:

Baptized Name Comment Where
1685 Samuel son of Samuel Wrentham independent chapel
04 Feb 1691 Nathaniel of Samuel Baxter and Deborah his wife Wrentham independent chapel
25 Oct 1693 John of Samuel and Hannah* Wrentham independent chapel
21 Feb 1697 Samuel of Samuel Baxter and Deborah his wife Wrentham independent chapel
31 May 1698 Philip of Samuel Baxter and Deborah his wife Wrentham independent chapel
20 Sep 1699 Philip of Samuel Baxter and Deborah his wife Wrentham independent chapel

* believe this to be an error in the register

Death

Wrentham St Nicholas

Buried Name Comment
15 Dec 1680 Elizabeth Baxter wife of Sam Baxter
03 Nov 1685 Sam Baxter the son of Samuel Baxter
19 Dec 1695 Nathaniel Baxter was buried
27 Feb 1698 Samuel son of Samuel Baxter was buried
07 Dec 1712 Samuel Baxter was buried

John Baxter (1693 - 1721)

Marriage

John married Mary Downing (1694 - 1735) the daughter of Benjamin Downing and Elizabeth Barker. From the parish records of Beccles:

"John Baxter single man of Wrentham and Mary Downing single woman of this parish were married 7th October 1718."

After John's death Mary went on to marry James Skoulding (1694 - 1747) the son of John Skoulding and Mary Aldrich, 26th August, 1731, Frostenden.

Children

John and Mary had the following:

Baptized Name Comment Where
03 Mar 1720 John the son of John and Mary Baxter Parish church of Wrentham
30 Jun 1727 Dinah daughter of Mary Baxter Parish church of Wrentham

Will Information

John left a will. Ipswich Record Office File 1C\AA1\150\38 John Baxter 1721 Wrentham.

Death

Wrentham St Nicholas

Buried Name Comment
07 Apr 1721 John Baxter  

Philip Baxter (1699 - 1720)

Employment

Philip son of Samuel Baxter deceased was apprenticed to Thomas Lincoln of Beccles, Blacksmith, 1716.

Death

Wrentham St Nicholas

Buried Name Comment
08 Jun 1720 Philip Baxter  

 

William Baxter

Marriage

William married Susan Stone. From the parish registers of Beccles:

"William Baxter single man of Gisleham and Susan Stone single woman of this parish were married in this church by banns on 27th December 1744."

Children

William and Susan had the following:

Baptized Name Comment Where
23 Dec 1747 William of William and Susan Baxter Parish church of Wangford
c. 1750 John*    

* I believe although I have no current proof that John was the son of William and Susan.

Death

Wrentham St Nicholas

Buried Name Comment
17 Jan 1780 Susanna* Baxter widow of Raydon

* I believe although I have no proof this was the wife of William Baxter.

William Baxter (1747 - 1779)

Marriage

William married Sarah Barker. From the parish registers of Wangford:

"William Baxter of Wheniston* single man and Sarah Barker of this parish single woman married in this church by banns on 10th October 1771 in the presence of Mary Childhouse and William Saviours."

* Wenhaston

After the death of William, Sarah went on to marry Daniel Wyall on the 17th October 1781, Wangford.

Children

William and Sarah had the following:

Baptized Name Comment Where
06 Sep 1772 William of William and Sarah Baxter Parish church of Wangford
28 Aug 1774 John of William and Sarah Baxter Parish church of Wangford
05 Sep 1777 Margaret of William and Sarah Baxter Parish church of Wangford

Death

Wangford St Peter

Buried Name Comment
05 Jun 1779 William Baxter  
04 Oct 1789 John son of William Baxter and Sarah his wife late Sarah {blank} aged 15 years.

John Baxter (c. 1750 - 1837)

Marriage

John married Esther Bishop (1749 - 1817). Esther's maiden name was Rose and her first husband was John Bishop who she married on the 5th October 1769, Wrentham in the presence of William Johnson and Sarah Johnson. From the parish registers of Henstead:

"John Baxter of this parish single man and Esther Bishop of this parish widow were married in this church by licence 28th May 1779 in the presence of S Barrell and Jno Barrell."

Children

John and Esther had the following:

Born Baptized Name Comment Where
  17 Oct 1780 David of John and Esther Baxter Wrentham independent chapel
  05 Aug 1783 Frederick Johnson of John and Esther Baxter Wrentham independent chapel
19 Jul 1784 13 Sep 1784 Phebe of John and Esther Baxter Wrentham independent chapel
22 Feb 1786 12 Mar 1789 William Stone of John and Esther Baxter Wrentham independent chapel
05 Jan 1788 11 Jan 1788 Esther of John and Esther Baxter Wrentham independent chapel
05 Apr 1789 16 Apr 1789 Rhoda of John and Esther Baxter Wrentham independent chapel
22 May 1791 22 May 1791
29 May 1791
Deborah of John & Esther Baxter
of John Baxter & Hester his wife, late Bishop widow
Wrentham independent chapel
Parish Church of Woodton, Norfolk

According to the Suffolk Poll Book 1790, John lived in Woodton, Norfolk and he had land in Wrentham.

Employment

John Baxter was apprenticed to John Maylouch of Wangford, Suffolk, Wheelwright, 1767.

Death

Wrentham St Nicholas

Buried Name Comment
02 Apr 1817 Esther Baxter of Wrentham married woman aged 68
19 Dec 1837 John Baxter of Wrentham aged 86

Epitaph: Wrentham St Nicholas

JOHN BAXTER

Died 14thDecember 1837 aged 86

Also

ESTHER

Died 27th Mar 1817 aged 68

David Baxter (1780 - 1780)

Death

Henstead St Mary

Buried Name Comment
12 Nov 1780 David Baxter an infant

Frederick Johnson Baxter (1783 - 1842)

Marriage

Frederick married Susanna Pedder (1787 - 1863) the daughter of William and Ann Pedder. From the parish registers of St Giles, Norwich:

"Frederick Johnson Baxter a bachelor of the parish of Saint Michael at Coslany and Susanna Peddar of this parish spinster were married in this church by licence this seventh day of April 1808. In the presence of Elizabeth Danby and John Curling."

Children

Frederick and Susanna had the following:

Born Baptized Name Comment Where
1809 Susanna   Coslany, Norwich
10 Jul 1810 11 Jul 1810 Frederick Son of Frederick Baxter and his wife Susanna late Pedder St Michael Coslany, Norwich
16 Sep 1812 20 Sep 1812 Pedder William Son of Frederick Baxter and his wife Susanna late Pedder St Michael Coslany, Norwich
  10 Jul 1814 William Pedder Son of Frederick Baxter and his wife Susanna late Pedder, Grocer St Michael Coslany, Norwich
  04 Jul 1816 Deborah Son of Frederick Baxter and his wife Susanna late Pedder, Grocer St Michael Coslany, Norwich

Census

1841

Dwelling – St Giles Hill, Heigham, Norwich, Norfolk
Name Age Occupation Born in County
Fred J Baxter 55 Rate Collector Y
Susannah Baxter 50   Y
William P Baxter 30 Merchant's Clerk Y

1861

Dwelling – Grape Hill, Heigham, Norwich, Norfolk
Name Relationship Marital Status Age Occupation Where born
Susanna Baxter Head m* 78 Formerly {Plant Hirer} Cringleford, Norfolk
Susanna Carter Daughter m 52 Needle Woman Coslany, Norwich

*Susanna was a widow at this time

Newspapers

Newspaper Date Comment
London Gazette 12 May 1821
Notice is hereby given, that the Partnership lately subsiding between us, Charles Curtis and Frederick Johnson Baxter, of the City of Norwich, Bombazine-Manufacturers, and carried on under the firm of Curtis and Baxter, was this day dissolved by mutual consent, and that all debts due to us are to be paid to the said Frederick Johnson Baxter: As witness our hands this 7th day of May 1821
Charles Curtis
Fredk. J Baxter
The Ipswich Journal 20 Jan 1827
Monday last died suddenly, at Wrentham, in Suffolk, Deborah the youngest daughter of F. J. Baxter, grocer of this city (Norwich).
Bury and Norwich Post 24 Jan 1827 Died
On Monday last, suddenly, at Wrentham in Suffolk, Deborah, the youngest daughter of F. J. Baxter, grocer of this City.
London Gazette 21 Jan 1834
Notice is hereby given, that the Partnership lately subsiding between us, Susanna Baxter and Frederick Baxter of the City of Norwich, Booksellers, Binders and Stationers with this day dissolved by mutual consent.  As witness our hands this 14th day of January, 1834.
Susanna Baxter
Fredk. Baxter
The Ipswich Journal 24 May 1834 (Norwich) On the 17th inst died in the 24th year of his age, Frederick Baxter, stationer, of St Giles, eldest son of Mr F J Baxter, St Michael's Coslany.
Bury and Norwich Post 28 May 1834 Died
On Saturday se’nnight …Same day, in the 24th year of age Mr F Baxter, stationer, St Giles, eldest son of Mr F. J. Baxter, St Michael’s Coslany.

Death

According to The Southwold Diary of James Maggs 1818-1876 Volume II, on 13 January 1827. A granddaughter of Mr Baxter's of Wrentham accidentally drowned at Potters Bridge the dam being overflowed the horse stepped into a gull the tide had made and upset the cart.

Buried Name Comment Where
24 Aug 1813 Pedder William Baxter Son of Frederick Baxter and his wife Susanna late Pedder St Michael Coslany, Norwich
21 Jan 1827 Deborah Baxter of Wrentham aged 10 St Nicholas Wrentham
23 Sep 1842 Frederic Johnson Baxter Died 18 Sep 1842 aged 60 St Giles, Norwich
1863 Susanna Baxter   Norwich District

Phebe Baxter (1784 - 1848)

Marriage

Phebe married Jonathan Howlett (1782 - 1854) son of Rushmere Howlett and Mary Sewell, her sister Deborah's husband, in Norwich St Giles on 11th May 1825.

William Stone Baxter (1785 - 1862)

Marriage

William married twice, his first wife was Elizabeth (1769 - 1846). His second wife was Hannah Sheen (Turner)(1788 - 1871), the daughter of Thomas Turner and Hannah Newton, who he married in Norwich in 1857. Hannah's first husband was Samuel Sheen (1785 - 1851) According to The Southwold Diary of James Maggs 1818-1876 Volume II, on 18 Apr 1845 Let by auction at Wrentham the 'Town Meadow' for ye term of 8 years to Mr Wm Stone Baxter at £5 a year.

From what I can tell William had no children.

Census

1841

Dwelling - Wrentham
Name Age Occupation Born in County
William Baxter 50 Farmer Y
Elizabeth Baxter 65   N
Honor Wright 70 FS Y

1851

Dwelling - Nr Chapel Street, Wrentham
Name Relationship Marital Status Age Occupation Where born
William Stone Baxter Head w 65 Farmer 47 acres employing 1 man and boy Wrentham
William Manning Visitor   13 Ag Lab Wrentham
John Manning Serv   11 Ag Lab Wrentham

1861

Dwelling - 10 High Street, Wrentham
Name Relationship Marital status Age Occupation Where born
William S Baxter Head m 75 Retired farmer Wrentham
Hannah Baxter Wife m 72   Martishall Burgh, Norfolk

1871

Dwelling - Fore Street, Framlingham
Name Relationship Marital status Age Occupation Where born
Hannah Baxter Head w 80 Independent Martishall, Norfolk
Susan Green Companion w 71 Housekeeper Billingford, Norfolk

Directories

Directory Name Year Place Private / Commercial Name and Service
Suffolk History Gazetteer and Directory 1844 Wrentham Commercial Farmers
Baxter W. Stone
History, Gazetteer 1855 Wrentham Private Baxter, Mr Wm

Tithe

William Stone appears in the tithe apportionments of 1841 for Wrentham. He is recorded as the owner and occupier of 20 or more acres of land likely to consist of significant farms.

Newspapers

Newspaper Date Comment
The Ipswich Journal 07 Nov 1846
24th inst., at Wrentham, after a long affliction, Elizabeth, wife of Mr. William Stow* Baxter, farmer. It may be truely said that she died much regretted and respected by all who knew her. Her end was peace.
The Ipswich Journal 20 Sep 1851
Wrentham Suffolk
J. M. Goff
Will sell by Auction on Monday, September 29th 1851
All the live and dead Farming stock with the household Furniture &c, of Mr W. S. Baxter, who retires from business.
Beccles and Bungay news 06 Jan 1863
Death: On the 20th December, aged 77, Mr William Stone Baxter, many years an inhabitant of Wrentham
The Ipswich Journal 30 Sep 1871 Baxter 24th inst. at the Whitehouse, Dennington, Mrs Hannah Baxter of Helmingham, aged 82 years.
Bury and Norwich Post 03 Oct 1871
Died
On the 24th ult, at the White House Farm, Dennington, aged 80, Hannah, Relict of Mr Baxter, of Wrentham, and previously of Mr S. Sheen of Heigham.

* Stow - this should be Stone.

Will Information

Hannah Baxter
Effects under £100
14 November 1871.  The Will of Hannah Baxter formerly of Wrentham but of late Framlingham both in the County of Suffolk widow who died 24 September 1871 at Dennington in the said County was proved at Ipswich by Maria Cook (wife of Edward Cook, Farmer) of Dennington the Niece one of the Executors.

Death

Wrentham St Nicholas

Buried Name Comment
30 Oct 1846 Elizabeth Baxter of Wrentham aged 77
24 Dec 1862 William Stone Baxter of Wrentham aged 76

Dennington St Mary

Buried Name Comment
29 Sep 1871 Hannah Baxter Aged 82

Epitaph: Wrentham St Nicholas

ELIZABETH

Wife of WILLIAM STONE BAXTER

Died 26th October 1846 aged 80 years

Also WILLIAN STONE BAXTER

Died 20th December 1862 aged 77 years

I shall go to Him but he shall not return to me

Esther Baxter (1788 - 1810)

Death

Wrentham St Nicholas

Buried Name Comment
21 Dec 1810 Esther Baxter single woman aged 22

Epitaph: Wrentham St Nicholas

ESTHER BAXTER

Died 18th December 1810 aged 22 years

Also DEBROAH HOWLETT her sister

Died 13 March 1823 aged 32 years

Rhoda Baxter (1789 - 1790)

Death

Wrentham St Nicholas

Buried Name Comment
24 Jan 1790 Rhoda Baxter an infant

Deborah Baxter (1791 - 1823)

Marriage

Deborah married Jonathan Howlett (1782 - 1854) Rushmere Howlett and Mary Sewell, he went on to marry Deborah's sister Phebe. From the parish registers of Wrentham:

"Jonathan Howlett of this parish single man and Deborah Baxter of this parish single woman married in this church by banns, with consent of parents 6th January 1820, in the presence of Phebe Baxter and Walter Putten."

Newspapers

Newspaper Date Comment
Norfolk Chronicle 22 Jan 1820
Marriages
Mr. Jonathan Howlett to Deborah, daughter of Mr. Baxter, farmer, both of Wrentham.

Wrentham and Reydon Baptisms

Children

Baptized Name Comment Where
28 Nov 1688 Hannah daughter of blank* Baxter and his wife Elizabeth Wrentham independent chapel
21 Jul 1713 Hannah daughter of William and Mary Baxter Parish church of Wrentham
18 Aug 1745 Margaret* daughter of Henry and Sarah Baxter Parish church or Reydon

* For some reason the curate could remember the mother's name, but not the father's. Could be a daughter of Samuel Baxter

*Margaret Baxter (1745 - 1836) married Daniel/John Sewell (1753 - 1834), see below.

Wrentham and Reydon Marriages

Marriage

Date Comment Where
09 Oct 1694 John Meen single man married Xtian Baxter widow Parish church of Wrentham
02 Oct 1712 William Baxter and Mary Robson were married Parish church of Wrentham
07 Apr 1729 John Vineyard and Christian Baxter single persons of Reydon were married Parish church of Reydon
05 Sep 1745 John Brown of Wrentham and Mary Baxter of Reydon both single persons married by banns Parish church of Reydon
18 Aug 1767 John Read of this parish single man and Hannah Baxter of the same married in the presence of Robert Lincoln and Mary Sade Parish church of Wrentham
23 Jul 1773 John* Sewell widow of the parish of Stoven in the county of Suffolk and Margaret Baxter of this parish spinster married in this church by licence in the presence of Alice Nobs and William Baxter Parish church of Reydon

* Appears as John in the parish records of Reydon and Danniel in the parish records of Stoven.

Wrentham & Reydon Burials

Death

Buried Name Comment Where
18 Jan 1681 Obadiah Baxter   Parish church of Wrentham
11 Jul 1728 William Baxter Of Raidon Parish church of Wrentham
21 Oct 1728 Henry Baxter Sexton Parish church of Reydon
08 Dec 1728 Hannah Baxter daughter of William Baxter of Raidon Parish church of Wrentham
19 Feb 1733 Henry Baxter   Parish church of Reydon
19 Aug 1756 Martha Baxter Widow Parish church of Reydon
27 Aug 1782 William Baxter Aged 56 Parish church of Reydon
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